Estimating Fire Losses Associated With Circuit Breaker Malfunction, Published technical
paper connects circuit breaker performance data to fire statistics. Provides estimates
of annual injuries, deaths, and property damage due to the defective FPE breakers.
Provides information on the test methods used and the results that were obtained.
Note that, due to IEEE editorial requirements, the FPE Stab-Lok® circuit breakers
are identified as “brand x” in the body of the paper. In the references, however,
“brand x” is clearly seen to be FPE. This link takes you to the page on the IEEE
website where you can obtain a full copy of this paper. (Click on the “Full Text
- sign in or purchase” button near the top of the page.) The important results of
this study are contained in the report “Hazardous FPE Circuit Breakers and Panels”
UL vs. FPE, Civil Action 1956, Final Judgement In 1956 UL brought FPE to court to
force them to stop applying UL labels to product that was not listed or did not meet
the UL standards, and to discontinue counterfeiting UL labels. Apparently, UL had
not been successful in stopping these practices through their normal business and
contractual relationships with FPE. This 1957 court document recaps UL’s complaints
and constitutes the final settlement agreement reached at that time between UL and